Do you want to grow microgreens, but you aren’t sure what type to grow initially?
In this short article, we’ll take a look at a few of the typical types of microgreens that you can grow. I’ll talk a bit about their taste and texture and what it requires to grow each of them.
Microgreens can be produced from practically any kind of veggie or herb seed. Even some grains and turfs can make excellent microgreens.
Various sort of microgreens can vary a lot in terms of taste. Some are mild or dull. Others are spicy or bitter. Some are even sour tasting.
Most of the times, microgreens taste like more concentrated variations of the full-sized plant they would typically become. We can broadly classify microgreens based upon the family they belong to.
This will provide you with a general concept of what kind of taste they’ll have, along with the growing conditions they choose and their nutrition content.
List of plants to grow as microgreens
- – Amaranthaceae family: Consists of amaranth, beets, chard, quinoa, and spinach.
- – Amaryllidaceae family: Consists of chives, garlic, leeks, and onions.
- – Apiaceae family: Consists of carrot, celery, dill, and fennel.
- – Asteraceae family: Consists of chicory, endive, lettuce, and radicchio.
- – Brassicaceae family: Includes arugula, broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, radish, and watercress.
- – Cucurbitaceae family: Includes cucumbers, melons, and squashes.
- – Lamiaceae family: Includes most common herbs like mint, basil, rosemary, sage, and oregano.
- – Poaceae family: Consists of grasses and cereals like barley, corn, rice, oats, and wheatgrass. As well as vegetables, including beans, chickpeas, and lentils.
Radishes are an awesome microgreen for beginners. They germinate quick (1 to 2 days) in both warm or cold conditions, and grow quickly. Generally, they’re all set to collect in merely 5 to 10 days.
Radishes are high in minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants. Radishes have been shown in research studies to have cancer-preventing properties.
Radishes are usually harvested when their very first set of true leaves begin to grow, clinically referred to as the cotyledon stage. If you wait too far past this point, your greens can start to end up being a little woody.
Do not stress if you let your radish microgreens grow a bit too long though! They can still be excellent in stocks in soups.
Radish microgreens have a hot flavour, and they’re tender and crisp. They make a fantastic garnish and include a splash of heat and colour to salads.
White daikon radishes are a popular variety for growing microgreens.
Radish microgreens don’t require to be pre-soaked and prefer to be grown hydroponically, although they’ll also thrive in the soil—usage about 2 ounces (56 grams) of seeds per 10 ″ x 20 ″ tray.
– Find out more about how to grow microgreens without soil in my Hydroponic Microgreens guide.
Mature broccoli is seen as a superfood, loaded with minerals, vitamin C and A, and high in iron. Broccoli microgreens have simply as numerous nutrients as their full-sized equivalents, if not more.
Broccoli microgreens include a compound called sulforaphane which as results on cancer, ageing, mortality, cardiovascular disease, brain and behaviour, and more.
Sulforaphane is heat-sensitive, so you’ll wish to prevent cooking your broccoli microgreens and choose to consume them raw instead.
Mesclun is a mix of assorted salad greens that might include arugula, lettuce, endive, chervil, child spinach, swiss chard, dandelion, sorrel, or other leafy vegetables.
Instead of growing a lot of different varieties of microgreens and then blending them later on, you can merely grow them all at once from the beginning.
You can either purchase pre-made mesclun mixes or combine your seeds.
Beetroot (usually called beets in North America) take a bit longer to grow than other microgreens. The blackout duration for beetroot is 6 to 8 days, and they’ll germinate in 3 to 4 days. It takes 10 to 12 days from sowing to harvest.
Beetroot seeds ought to be pre-soaked for 8 to 12 hours in cold water and after that sown thick, with soil being their preferred medium.
Once grown, beetroots are a vibrant red microgreen that includes colour to salads. They have a mild earthy taste, sort of like mature beets.
This musty flavour originates from a substance in beets called geosmin, which is also responsible for the way the air smells after it rains, and even the taste of some fish like catfish and carp.
Enjoyable fact: Chard is the same species of vegetable as beets.
Just it has been particularly reproduced for its leaves instead of its roots.
– Read my guide of Best Growing Medium For Microgreens for more information about all benefits and drawbacks of this growing technique.
Cress is another fantastic choice for newbies. They’ll thrive in the soil although you can even grow it on a paper towel.
The seeds of cress are tiny, and their greens bruise quickly, so they need to be managed with care.
Arugula microgreens have a sharp peppery taste. It works out in salads, sandwiches, and all type of other dishes.
This microgreen takes 2 or 3 days to germinate and is all set to gather in simply 5 to 7 days.
In the UK, arugula is frequently called rocket or roquette lettuce.
If you like consuming carrot roots, then you’ll enjoy the comparable flavour that they have in microgreen form.
Nevertheless, carrot microgreens take a notoriously very long time to grow. About seven days to sprout, and another four weeks or more before they’re ready to harvest!
So don’t seem like you have done something wrong if your carrot microgreens take a while to start growing …
Pea microgreens need to be taken in cold water for 12 to 24 hr. Give them lots of water while pre-soaking, since they will absorb a great deal of it.
Transfer them to a bowl and mist them a couple of times every day till you begin to see them growing. Then they’re ready to be planted in soil.
Considering that peas are so big, you’ll need to use a lot more of them per tray. About 12 ounces (340 ml) or one and a half cups of seeds per 10 ″ x20 ″ tray.
Once they’re in the soil, you ought to shut out light for 3 to 5 days but continue to mist them two times a day. Keep their soil moist but don’t let it get soggy or they might begin to rot.
Your pea shoots must be prepared in 8 to 12 days. They have a sweet and familiar pea flavour with a too crunchy texture.
Enjoyable fact: Pea shoots include 8x the folic acid of bean sprouts and 7x the vitamin C of blueberries!
Like peas, sunflower seeds genuinely require to be pre-soaked for 12 to 24 hr to optimize your germination rate and success while growing them as a microgreen.
Sunflowers are rich in nutrient content—specifically vitamin E, folate, and zinc.
Amaranth microgreens are simple to grow, and they grow rather rapidly. They take 2 or 3 days to germinate, and after that, another 8 to 12 days before you can collect them.
They will stay fresh in the fridge for a relatively long period after you harvest them also.
These microgreens are a vibrant red colour with a long slim pair of leaves. They make great garnishes for chefs and have a good taste too. Some state it tastes a bit like spinach.
Buckwheat seeds are large like peas, so you’ll need to soak them in cold water for 12 to 24 hours and rinse them well before planting them.
Given that they’re big, you’ll require to utilize about 12 ounces or 1.5 cups of seeds per 10 ″ x20 ″ tray.
Buckwheat grows rather rapidly, germinating in 1 to 2 days and being prepared to collect in 6 to 12 days.
In the beginning, buckwheat microgreens might have yellow leaves, but they’ll turn green in time if they’re getting adequate light. These microgreens have a slightly tangy taste.
If you’re looking for a spicy and aromatic tasting microgreen to include some zest to your salads or dishes, mustard is up there with other healthy microgreens like a radish.
You’ll undoubtedly taste the particular mustard flavour even after cooking them.
Mustard microgreens take 3 to 4 days to sprout, plus another 6 to 10 days before harvest.
They grow quite quickly. But don’t worry if you let them grow a bit longer and they get past the microgreen phase and become child greens.
They’re still young and tender enough to make an excellent addition to salads.
Do not attempt to pre-soak basil seeds. They’ll form a gel and all clump together, that makes them nearly difficult to plant uniformly on to soil afterwards.
Instead, put them straight on to the soil and mist them to get them damp.
Basil sprouts and grows quite rapidly as a microgreen. However it needs more heat than any other kind of green, so it’s finest produced in the summer season.
Especially if you plan to grow it outdoors.
There are many different types of basil available, including lemon, Thai, and cinnamon basil that you can try out. Each of these will have a different taste, even when they’re little microgreens.
If you’re looking for a microgreen that adds a little bit of tart sourness to your recipes, sorrel is a fantastic option. It has a lemony taste.
Sorrel takes about 4 or 5 days to sprout and is a bit slower to germinate, taking 12 to 20 days before it’s all set to harvest.
The most common variety for microgreens is red-veined sorrel. It has a similar look to spinach both in microgreen and full-grown form, but with thick red veins in its leaves.
You have most likely seen wild sorrel many times while you were out walking without understanding it. It’s quite typical and looks comparable to clover.
Wheatgrass is just the immature kind of wheat. In microgreen type, it looks somewhat similar to the lawn you’d discover on your property if you let it grow extra long.
Wheatgrass is full of minerals and vitamins, but it doesn’t taste that fantastic. Some people explain it as spicy and bitter. I think it tastes like grass.
In either case, it’s finest mixed into a shake or something sweet to conceal the flavour. Or if you’re courageous, you may juice it up and drink it like a shot.
Funfact: Wheatgrass is gluten-free in its early stages of advancement, so you can enjoy it even if you can’t typically consume wheat items.
Alfalfa is one microgreen that genuinely prefers to be grown hydroponically so you may not have terrific success growing it in soil.
You do not wish to pre-soak alfalfa seeds either. Spread out one ounce (about 30 grams) of sources on a ten ″ x20 ″ tray and block them from receiving light for 3 to 5 days.
Alfalfa takes 8 to 12 days before it’s ready to harvest. When it’s prepared, it will have big deep green leaves and look comparable to cress, however with a mild taste and additional crunch. It’s terrific in sandwiches and salads.
Kale is another microgreen that prefers to be grown hydroponically. Follow pretty much the very same instructions as outlined for alfalfa above and you’ll have kale microgreens in 8 to 12 days.
Consuming kale as a microgreen is a terrific way to take advantage of its health benefits without the taste or texture of the grown stuff. In microgreen form, they taste more like moderate romaine or leaf lettuce.
They have an intriguing look as microgreens and appear like two leaves that have been merged.
Collards also prefer to be grown hydroponically. Again, utilize about 1 ounce of seeds per 10 ″ x20 ″ tray and do not pre-soak them. They grow a bit slower than kale or alfalfa and will be ready in 10 to 12 days.
Collard microgreens have a dark green colour. Unlike kale, they aren’t milder than their adult equivalent.
Collard microgreens are most likely a lot more extreme than the mature variation.
The main distinction is that they lack the thick, cabbage-like texture when they’re microgreens.
I do not enjoy consuming them on their own, but they go well in a salad mix, or just as a garnish.
Clover microgreens choose to be grown hydroponically and take about 8 to 12 days before they’re ready to harvest.
They have a fresh and mild taste. The younger you choose them, the sweeter they’ll taste. They have lots of magnesium, iron, zinc, and calcium.
You may have seen kohlrabi for sale at the supermarket. However, most people have never attempted one. In German, the word kohlrabi suggests “cabbage turnip.” It’s the same species as cabbage, but it has explicitly been reproduced for its root instead of its leaves.
Kohlrabi microgreens prefer to be grown hydroponically. They take about 8 to 12 days to develop.
When they’re ready, they’ll have green leaves and lavender-coloured stems, which chefs like to use to add a pop of colour to dishes. These microgreens have a mild cabbage or turnip flavour.
Like most microgreens, they go great in sandwiches or salads, but you can also incorporate them into a coleslaw.
They have a mild, cabbage-like flavour, so they make an excellent addition to salads, sandwiches or slaw.
Are Some Microgreens Easier Or Harder To Grow Than Others?
There are so many different kinds of microgreens, and each has its requirements and its own needs to be grown successfully.
Below I’ll break down some common microgreens into categories that I think are easy, medium, or hard to grow.
Easy To Grow microgreens
- – Radish.
- – Sunflower.
- – Arugula.
- – Wheatgrass.
- – Broccoli.
- – Cabbage.
- – Cauliflower.
- – Kale.
- – Lettuce.
- – Kohlrabi.
- – Mustard.
- – Clover.
- – Peas.
Medium To Grow.
- – Celery.
- – Cilantro (aka Coriander).
- – Spinach.
- – Sorrel.
- – Leek.
- – Fennel.
- – Dill.
- – Anise.
Hard To Grow.
- – Amaranth.
- – Chives.
- – Beets/ Chard.
- – Basil.
- – Cress.
- – Carrots.
Don’t be discouraged if you want to grow a microgreen that I’ve listed as hard to grow through. Overall, microgreens, in general, are relatively easy to grow.
Some like peas may be challenging to keep correctly hydrated without overwatering or underwatering.
Others like carrots have a long germination period that may make you question if you’ve made a mistake in your growing process.
I’d recommend everyone to start off growing radish microgreens first.
That’s just because they’re quick to germinate and reach full size. They’re the easiest to take care of.
Then, learn how to grow sunflower microgreens, which are also one of the easiest to get started with, and they taste delicious too!
– Learn more about why microgreens are the most sustainable crop to grow.
– Learn about Mushrooms vs Microgreens: Similarities, Differences, and How They Can Work Together and why they are both great crops that you should consider growing.
Which Microgreen Seeds Should Be Pre-Soaked?
Pre-soaking softens the shell of seeds and helps to jumpstart the germination process for some types of microgreens.
As a general rule, any giant thick seeds such as peas, buckwheat, wheatgrass, or sunflower seeds should be soaked between 6 hours and overnight.
Other seeds that should be soaked overnight include cilantro or coriander, and fenugreek.
Any grass/ grain seeds like barley, oats, or alfalfa benefit from soaking too.
Some seeds like broccoli, radish, cabbage, kohlrabi, spinach, beet, and chard should be soaked, but not overnight or they may get too soggy and fail to germinate. Soak these seeds for just 1 to 2 hours.
Which Microgreen Seeds Shouldn’t Be Pre-Soaked?
You don’t want to pre-soak any seeds that become mucilaginous (form a gel) when they come in to contact with water.
This includes tiny seeds like:
If you try to pre-soak these kinds of seeds, you’ll end up with a goo that’s too difficult to try and spread evenly on your tray or growing medium.
So instead, sprinkle them directly on to your soil and then spray them with a mist to moisten them.
I’d also avoid soaking kale, amaranth, lettuce, and similar seeds.
They don’t form gel-like basil, but they’re small and will be hard to distribute once they’re wet evenly.